When Dwight D. Eisenhower dedicated the Islamic Center in Washington D.C. in June 1957 his 500-word talk effused good will ("Civilization owes to the Islamic world some of its most important tools and achievements") even as the American president embarrassingly bumbled (Muslims in the United States he declared have the right to their own church ). Conspicuously he included nary a word about policy.
Exactly 50 years later standing shoeless George W. Bush rededicated the center last week. His 1 600 speech also praised medieval Islamic culture ("We come to express our appreciation for a faith that has enriched civilization for centuries") but he knew a mosque from a church - and he had more on the agenda than flattery.
Most arresting surely was his statement that "I have invested the heart of my presidency in helping Muslims fight terrorism and claim their liberty and find their own unique paths to prosperity and peace."
This cri de coeur signaled how Bush understands to what extent actions by Muslims will define his legacy.
Should they heed his dream "and find their own unique paths to prosperity and peace then his presidency, however ravaged it may look at the moment, will be vindicated. As with Harry S Truman, historians will acknowledge that he saw further than his contemporaries. Should Muslims, however, be left behind in the global movement toward prosperity and freedom historians will likely judge his two terms as harshly as do his fellow Americans today.
OF COURSE, how Muslims fare depends in large part on the future course of radical Islam, which in turn depends in some part on its understanding by the American president. Over the years, Bush has generally shown an increased understanding of this topic. He started with platitudinous, apologetic references to Islam as the religion of peace using this phrase as late as 2006.
He early on even lectured Muslims on the true nature of their religion, a preposterous ambition that prompted me in 2001 to dub him Imam Bush." As his understanding grew Bush spoke of the caliphate Islamic extremism and Islamofacism. What euphemistically he called the "war on terror" in 2001 by 2006 he referred to with the hard- hitting "war with Islamic fascists." Things were looking up. Perhaps official Washington did understand after all.
But such analyses roused Muslim opposition and as he approaches his political twilight Bush retreated to safer ground reverting last week to decayed tropes that tiptoe around any mention of Islam. Instead he spoke inelegantly of "the great struggle against extremism that is now playing out across the broader Middle East" and of "a group of extremists who seek to use religion as a path to power and a means of domination."
Worse the speech drum-rolled the appointment of a US special envoy to the Organization of the Islamic Conference tasking this envoy to "listen to and learn from" his Muslim counterparts. But the OIC is a Saudi- sponsored organization promoting the Wahhabi agenda under the trappings of a Muslim-only United Nations. As Steven Emerson has noted Bush's dismal initiative stands in complete ignorance of the rampant radicalism, pro- terrorist, and anti-American sentiments routinely found in statements by the OIC and its leaders.
Adding to the event's accommodationist tone some of the president's top female aides including Frances Townsend and Karen Hughes wore makeshift hijabs as they listened to him in the audience.
In brief it feels like "deja vu all over again." As Diana West puts it Nearly six years after September 11 - nearly six years after first visiting the Islamic Center and proclaiming 'Islam is peace' - Mr. Bush has learned nothing.
But we now harbor fewer hopes than in 2001 that he still can learn absorb and reflect an understanding of the enemy's Islamist nature.
Concluding that he basically has failed to engage this central issue we instead must look to his potential successors and look for them to return to Bush's occasional robustness again taking up those difficult concepts of the caliphate and Islamic extremism. Several Republicans - Rudy Giuliani Mitt Romney and (above all) Fred Thompson - are doing just that. Democratic candidates unfortunately prefer to remain almost completely silent on this topic.
Almost 30 years after Islamists first attacked Americans and on the eve of three major attempted terrorist attacks in Great Britain the president's speech reveals how confused Washington remains.